APA Critical Thinking Paper and Self-Analysis Assignment
Rubric Grading Guidelines You have the opportunity to earn 125 points on your formal APA Critical Thinking paper. I am going to be looking at each of the following areas of yourpaper to grade. Questions you should ask yourself should be as follows: Did I create a cover sheet, abstract, and subtitles like the examples in the APA Handbook? Are my pages numbered? Did I put on my running head per APA guidelines? Did I thoroughly discuss and answer each of the 8 sections of the paper asked about regarding my learning, motivation and ability to think critically? Did I use concrete and specific affective, cognitive, and behavioral examples related to the topics? Did I cross-reference Banduraâ€��s theory and concepts throughout each section of my paper? Did I cite him correctly? Did I edit my paper before submitting it? Did I use proper English? Did I delete any text language used on accident? Did I write my paper in essay format with paragraphs indented and double-spaced? Did I use Times New Roman 12 point font? Did I call Ms. Lanzon on her cell phone when I had questions regarding this assignment? Did I attend the writing lab and get help? Cover Sheet 10 8 6 4 0 Abstract 10 8 6 4 0 Subtitles 10 8 6 4 0 Discussed 8 Sections 35 25 15 10 0 Direct affective examples 10 8 6 4 0 Direct cognitive examples 10 8 6 4 0 Direct affective examples 10 8 6 4 0 Cross-referenced Bandura 10 8 6 4 0 Used Proper English 10 8 6 4 0 Paper Written in Essay Format 10 8 6 4 0 10/35=Excellent; expectations exceeded; cross-referencing in every section; no APA or technical errors 8/25=Very good; met expectations; many good examples, much cross-referencing; few APA or technical errors 6/15=Basic understanding; needed to elaborate or fix APA or technical errors 4/10=Minimal effort; did not meet basic expectations; could not understand answer; many APA and technical errors 0=No effort; did not address rubric area; did not follow APA guidelines or proper English Critical Thinking: Self-Analysis Assignment
What is critical thinking? According to Encarta World English Dictionary (2009), critical thinking refers to oneâ€™s disciplined intellectual criticism that combines research, knowledge of historical context, and balanced judgment.
According to Elder (2007), â€œCritical thinking is self-guided, self-disciplined thinking which attempts to reason at the highest level of quality in a fair-minded way. People who think critically consistently attempt to live rationally, reasonably, empathically. They are keenly aware of the inherently flawed nature of human thinking when left unchecked. They strive to diminish the power of their egocentric and sociocentric tendencies. They use the intellectual tools that critical thinking offers â€\” concepts and principles that enable them to analyze, assess, and improve thinking. They work diligently to develop the intellectual virtues of intellectual integrity, intellectual humility, intellectual civility, intellectual empathy, intellectual sense of justice and confidence in reason.
They realize that no matter how skilled they are as thinkers, they can always improve their reasoning abilities and they will at times fall prey to mistakes in reasoning, human irrationality, prejudices, biases, distortions, uncritically accepted social rules and taboos, self-interest, and vested interest. They strive to improve the world in whatever ways they can and contribute to a more rational, civilized society. At the same time, they recognize the complexities often inherent in doing so. They avoid thinking simplistically about complicated issues and strive to appropriately consider the rights and needs of relevant others. They recognize the complexities in developing as thinkers, and commit themselves to life-long practice toward self-improvement.
They embody the Socratic principle: The unexamined life is not worth living, because they realize that many unexamined lives together result in an uncritical, unjust, dangerous world.â€ In an important study on critical thinking and education conducted in 1941, Edward Glaser defined critical thinking as, â€œThe ability to think critically, â€¦ as conceived in this volume, involves three things: (1) an attitude of being disposed to consider in a thoughtful way the problems and subjects that come within the range of one\’s experiences, (2) knowledge of the methods of logical inquiry and reasoning, and (3) some skill in applying those methods.â€ Glaser continued the definition, â€œCritical thinking calls for a persistent effort to examine any belief or supposed form of knowledge in the light of the evidence that supports it and the further conclusions to which it tends.
It also generally requires ability to recognize problems, to find workable means for meeting those problems, to gather and marshal pertinent information, to recognize unstated assumptions and values, to comprehend and use language with accuracy, clarity, and discrimination, to interpret data, to appraise evidence and evaluate arguments, to recognize the existence (or non-existence) of logical relationships between propositions, to draw warranted conclusions and generalizations, to put to test the conclusions and generalizations at which one arrives, to reconstruct one\’s patterns of beliefs on the basis of wider experience, and to render accurate judgments about specific things and qualities in everyday life.â€ Based on the above discussion of critical thinking, you are required to read, â€œSelf-Efficacyâ€ written by Bandura (1994). The following questions will lead you to your paper outline.
Read the article thoroughly, high-lighting important concepts that relate to your own life as a learner. Think about yourself from the cognitive, affective and behavioral states. Cognition refers to how we think about a topic or situation. Affective state refers to the emotions we feel toward a topic or situation. Behavior refers to the way in which we behave in a particular situation. We are going to be incorporating Paul and Elder’s (2001) eight elements of critical thinking into this writing assignment. Please read each of the guidelines thoroughly and answer each of the questions from an affective, cognitive and behavioral perspective. Step 1: Read the article. Think about how this article applies to your own life. Step 2: Assumption is an element of critical thinking.
Assumptions refer to presuppositions, axioms and what we take for granted. Discuss assumptions you have made about psychology in general before taking the course. Discuss assumptions you have made about yourself as a learner prior to coming to college. How have these assumptions changed? Identify some assumptions you made about the article, the assignment and how what you have read and what you have to write about applies to you. Discuss these assumptions cognitively, affectively and behaviorally. Step 3: Purpose is another element of critical thinking.
Purpose refers to establishing goals and objectives. Identify the purpose of Banduraâ€™s article on self-efficacy. What was his purpose for writing the article? How does his purpose for writing the article tie into your purpose for reading the article as well as your ability to apply it to your own life? Having read the article, what is the purpose for this assignment? How do you feel about this writing assignment? What are your cognitions toward this assignment? What behaviors (covert or overt) have been demonstrated in relationship to this assignment? What questions about this assignment have been answered?
Step 4: What academic, personal and professional problems are we trying to help you solve by having you read Bandura’s article and write this self-analysis paper? Write about these problems from a cognitive, affective and behavioral perspective. Step 5: What is your point-of-view regarding this assignment? Regarding college? Regarding your ability to achieve your goals? Answer each of these questions cognitively, affectively and behaviorally. Step 6: What data supports your belief in yourself successfully attaining your goals? Does data support the likelihood that you will not attain your goals? Identify specific life examples addressing the way you think, feel and behave towards the likelihood toward achieving these personal, professional and academic goals. Use information read in Banduraâ€™s article to support the likelihood of this success.
Step 7: Which key reappearing concepts do you think help or impede the likelihood of your success? What would Bandura say about these concepts affecting your success? Which concepts from the Bandura article are most relevant to the following areas? Discuss each of these concepts from a cognitive, behavioral and affective perspective. a) Studying b) Completion of College c) Selection of a Major d) Family Support e) Faculty and Counselor Support Step 8: Reasoning consists of inferences or interpretations which help us to draw conclusions and give meaning to data. What are some inferences you can make regarding the five concepts listed in Step 7?
Step 9: What implications for success your own success can you deduce having read Banduraâ€™s article as well as having answered the above-mentioned questions? What life experiences have led you to these conclusions? Discuss each of these implications from a cognitive, behavioral and affective perspective. Step 10: Having made the decision to come to college and attempt academic and professional success, what are your recommendations for future HFCC students? What have you learned about yourself from writing this paper? What personal, professional and academic areas are you going to attempt to improve? Why have you chosen these areas? Finally, if someone were to ask you to define critical thinking, what would your own PERSONAL definition be?
Step 11: Edit your paper for errors. Make sure you have followed APA guidelines for this paper. Each section of this paper is worth ten points. References Elder, L. (2007) Thinkers guide to analytic thinking: How to take thinking apart and what to look for when you do. Foundation for Critical Thinking: Dillon Beach, CA. Glaser, E.M. (1941) An experiment in the development of critical thinking. Teacherâ€™s College, Columbia University, 1941). Paul, R. & Elder, L. (2001) How to study and learn a discipline. Foundation for Critical Thinking: Dillon Beach, CA. Paul, R. & Elder, L. (2009) The miniature guide to critical thinking concepts and tools. Foundation for Critical Thinking: Dillon Beach, CA.
I am 35 years old married with 4 children 3 boys 1 girl I\’m going to school for Pre Elementary Education. I enjoy shopping and spending time with my family. Prior to coming to college this semester I didn\’t think it would be possible due to work but it worked itself out. The questions I have for this assignment is will I do well. What is the instructors perception of me doing well on this assignment.My point of view is that I can graduate from college if I\’m willing to take the effort. The Data I have that is I made the first step which is attending school this semester and I\’ve created a course analysis that will help me achieve this goal.