Reflection Paper on Political Science

Answer questions separately.

Proper APA FORMAT citations using at least 2 resources per question.

1. Question #1 -Why are entitlement programs so controversial? Who are they designed to help? Instructions: Write a post that fully responds to all parts of the question. Write in your own words. Support your position with proper APA citations using at least 2 resources. Please be sure that you demonstrate understanding of these resources, integrate them into your argument, and cite them properly. 2. Use other half to respond to two initial posts. Your peer responses each must be a paragraph. They must demonstrate critical thinking. (initial posts are located at the very bottom of this page List of Acceptable Publications: The Atlantic The Atlantic is an American magazine founded (as The Atlantic Monthly) in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1857. Bloomberg Businessweek Bloomberg Businessweek, commonly and formerly known as BusinessWeek, is a weekly business magazine.

The Economist Mr. Benignus’ favorite magazine! The Economist is an English-language weekly news and international affairs publication owned by The Economist Newspaper Ltd. and edited in offices in London. Foreign Affairs Foreign Affairs is an American magazine and website on international relations and U.S. foreign policy published since 1922 by the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) six times annually. Foreign Policy Foreign Policy is a bimonthly American magazine founded in 1970.

Foreign Policy publishes the annual Globalization Index, and Failed State Index. Mother Jones Mother Jones (abbreviated MoJo) is a leading liberal news organization, featuring investigative and breaking news reporting on politics, the environment, human rights, and culture. The Nation The Nation is the oldest (founded in 1865) continuously published weekly magazine in the United States. National Review National Review (NR) is a biweekly magazine founded by the late author William F. Buckley, Jr., in 1955 and based in New York City. Perceived Media Bias – Conservative (unabashedly so) The New Republic The New Republic (TNR) is an American magazine of politics and the arts published continuously since 1914.

The New York Times The New York Times is an American daily newspaper founded, and continuously published in New York City, since 1851. Texas Monthly Texas Monthly is a monthly American magazine headquartered in Austin, Texas. The Weekly Standard The Weekly Standard is an American neoconservative opinion magazine published 48 times per year. The Wall Street Journal The Wall Street Journal. is an American English-language international daily newspaper.

Page Break Post #1 Entitlement programs are egalitarian iniatives that seek to “provide benefits to individuals who are eligible to receive aid” (“Major Entitlement Programs,” 1992).

For instance, some major examples of entitlement programs are programs such as Medicare and Medicaid. Entitlement programs such as Medicare and Medicaid target individuals who need help the most such as low-income families, children, and the elderly (“Major Entitlement Programs,” 1992). Providing a helping hand to individuals in need would seem like a good concept, however, some individuals would disagree.

For one, entitlement programs are responsible for a large amount of federal spending which decreases the ability for the government to spend on defense, discretionary spending, and maintaining the overall strength of the US economy (Russell, 2016). Moreover, anti-entitlement advocates claim that entitlement programs are a work of fiction that essentially are based on the idea that “the grandparents are stealing from the grandchildren” (Schnurer, 2017). This statement is interpreted as stating that the elderly and other individuals who benefit from these programs are putting burden by living off others and ignoring the fact that they didn’t earn the benefits gained from entitlement programs. The controversial nature of entitlement programs, however, doesn’t stir the individuals who are in support of it.

For instance, pro-entitlement advocates believe that entitlement programs such as food stamps help individuals of low income backgrounds that are struggling to make ends meet. In 1991, food stamps helped more than 24 million low-income individuals in obtaining an adequately nutritional diet (“Major Entitlement Programs,” 1992). Moreover, entitlement programs such as the supplemental Security Income entitlement program provides funded monthly cash payments to severely disabled individuals who would have no other means to earn income (“Major Entitlement Programs,” 1992). Ultimately, entitlement programs seek to help others, but it is debated to what cost an individual must pay to do so.

References:

Major Entitlement Programs. (1992). Congressional Digest, 71(6/7), 163. Russell Mead, W. (2016). Medicare and Medicaid at 50: America’s Entitlement Programs in the Age of Affordable Care. Foreign Affairs, 95 (1), 174 Schnurer, E (2017). It’s the Grandparents Stealing from the Grandchildren. The Atlantic.

Retrieved from: https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2017/12/grandparents-raiding-grandchildren/548117/

Post #2

Entitlement programs “provide access to affordable health care for Americans who would not be able to afford it otherwise” so in theory the government should want to continue such a program (Collins). A list of some entitlement programs are Medicare, SSI, and Food Stamps.

Medicare provides healthcare for the elderly and young people with disabilities. SSI is a ferederal income for citizens who haves little to no income. Entitlement programs are controversial because they are expensive. Congress sets the rules for who is eligible and Republicans who wish for tax cuts push for a reduction of entitlement spending (Yglesias). Democrats and Republicans have strong opinions when it comes to how the government should spent its money and how much; so, entitlements reforms are frowned upon.

“When you qualify, you get them, no matter what the cost to the government” (Yglesias). I believe that entitlement programs are useful, they don’t drain the system but give aid to needy Americans.

Works Cited

Yglesias, M. (2014, March 31). What are entitlement programs? Retrieved August 15, 2018, from https://www.vox.com/cards/entitlement-reform/what-are-entitlement-programs  Collins, J. (2018, August 16). What the Debate Over Entitlement Reform is Really About. Retrieved August 15, 2018, from https://mic.com/articles/61613/what-the-debate-over-entitlement-reform-is-really-about#.lCBhSfBQ7

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