Description: PART ONE: (3 pages) Answer the following three discussion questions #5,6,7 (1 page each), after reading that question’s required reading. The required reading must be used to answer the question. #5 Required reading can be found here: Question: Promoting the profession. With ever-growing decreases in funding for libraries and archives, what can the archival profession do to better position itself? What concrete steps could archivists take to better promote and publicize their profession (not necessarily specific institutions or collections)? How can we let people know why professional archivists (as opposed to simply the archival collections) are important? #6 Required reading: Question: Digitization and preservation. How could digitization affect preservation, both positively and negatively? Keep in mind that archivists do not discard archival records after digitization (meaning they maintain both the digital copy and the original document). Do you see digitization as a preservation medium? Why or why not? #7 Required reading: Question: More issues. The readings this week look briefly at a handful of issues facing the archival profession today — in terms of employment, technology, and the basic question of \”what is an archives?\” In addition to the issues covered, are there others that you see as vital for the profession to tackle now (or in the very immediate future)? PART TWO: (1 page) Respond to a classmate’s discussion post on an archival news posting. The response must be 1 page long and must expand upon the commentary provided by the classmate who posted the article. Do not repeat the classmates\’ commentary — add your own personal view by highlighting additional aspects of the piece, bringing in additional readings/articles on the topic, noting additional connections to archival work and our class readings/discussions, etc. Do not provide any commentary on the format of the post, or critique it, just add to their commentary in a new way. Assess to class readings can be found in the folder: Classmate’s discussion post to respond to: Article: National Archives warned Trump White House to preserve documents (10/17/2017) Josh Dawsey and Bryan Bender, Politico (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. While I was a little loathe to use a political article in today’s world, this was something I found too interesting and important to pass up. Honestly, I feel like I should blame my choice in article on the fact that I spent many an hour in my undergraduate education pouring over numerous volumes of Foreign Relations of the United Statesto write many a paper. While there are definitely criticisms in this article that come from a purely political standpoint, I found it to also be a great look at the challenges archivists can face when dealing with collections that have a large amount of their content be created and exist as digital data. Legally the White House is responsible for preserving records during a president’s term and then turn it over to the National Archives at the end of their tenure in office. While this used to mean all the written memos, speeches, and logs, it now also includes emails, text messages, and even tweets. These issues in regarding the collection of records made electronically through smartphones were originally addressed during the Obama administration, where it was clearly laid out that encrypted apps or apps that are designed to delete data are prohibited when being used for official business and that all tweets, even those that are deleted after posting, must be preserved. It appears that preservation policies have possibly been ignored, especially in the beginning of the administration according to this article. Personal emails, encrypted apps, and social media may have been used to conduct official business which is the exact opposite of how to adhere to the Presidential Records Act. NARA has had exchanges with the administration dealing with their following of the act, which has resulted into memos to staff to remind them of their requirement to preserve documentation correctly as well as instituting mandatory training for new employees. Unfortunately we don’t know how many records have already been loss due to staff not following the policies required to archive and preserve these records. This is especially worrying considering there is evidence that senior staff were still using personal email accounts to conduct business as recently as September. As a historian I am both livid and saddened, but as an archivist I am mostly frustrated as generally we are powerless in ensuring that incoming collections are given to us in proper formats or even intact. Ultimately we must preserve what we are given to the best of our ability.

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