How Monetary and Fiscal Policy Instruments Help to Achieve Macroeconomic Goals

BU204M5: Analyze how monetary and fiscal policy instruments are used to achieve macroeconomic goals. One of the main roles of the government is stabilizing the economy to attain macroeconomic goals such as price-level stability, full employment, and economic growth. Macroeconomic fluctuations may occur due to shifts in the aggregate demand (AD) or shifts in the short-run aggregate supply curve (SRAS) (See Figure 1). Therefore, policymakers every so often strive to counterbalance these AD and AS curve shifts by using monetary policy and fiscal policy instruments in an attempt to reach long-run equilibrium by closing the recessionary and the inflationary gaps. Figure 1 Directions In this Assessment, your role will be of an assistant researcher in economics. Your job is analyzing the consequences of the changes in fiscal and monetary policy instruments that may be associated with the variations in the U.S. economic conditions. With this in mind, address the following on the effects of monetary and fiscal policies on the aggregate demand (AD) and...
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New Venture Marketing Plan

Entrepreneurial / New Venture Marketing Project (Group): This is a team project in which your team will learn about a company in some depth and develop a marketing plan for that company. This will be a comprehensive research project in which your team will do at least the following:1) Develop an understanding of the company, its mission, objectives and goals, product lines, and current markets.2) Develop an entrepreneurial marketing strategy & plan for the firm and its products/services. This strategy may or may not be consistent with its current strategy, but it should be innovative. Components should include marketing objectives, target market, marketing positioning and strategy, marketing mix tactics, business model generation, recommendations. 3) Develop at least two marketing inventions for the firm. An invention is defined in this case as a truly unique and innovative approach to an element of the marketing mix. For example, it could be a totally new approach to pricing or a completely different method for distribution, etc. 4) The marketing...
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Strategic Plan for Sustainability

Review the Strategic Plan for Sustainability course project description. For this assignment, incorporate the feedback you received on the STaR analysis and Lenses of Sustainability (ATTACHED) assignments into your strategic plan and the implementation plan you propose. The purpose of this project is to select an organization (WALMART), and develop a strategic plan for sustainability. You may choose an organization that has already started sustainability initiatives, or one that has not yet addressed these concerns. The strategic plan you develop should focus on elements of leadership and implementation strategies covered in the course. As you craft the plan for the organization, consider the five components of strategic leadership which addresses sustainability strategies for the organization. Your plan must include: Scanning – examining the organization's current strategic situation, including an analysis of the opportunities and threats in the industry and broader competitive environment as well as the strengths and weaknesses inside the organization.Visioning – a view of what the organization (or a department, group, or other...
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Conflict Resolution Paper

Guidelines Purpose The purpose of this assignment is to learn how to identify and effectively manage conflicts that arise in care delivery settings resulting in better management of patient care, including appropriate delegation. You will gain insight into conflict management strategies and develop a plan to collaborate with a potential nurse leader about the conflict and its impact in a practice setting. Course Outcomes Completion of this assignment enables the student to meet the following course outcomes. CO1: Apply leadership concepts, skills, and decision making in the provision of high-quality nursing care, healthcare team management, and the oversight and accountability for care delivery in a variety of settings. (PO2) CO3: Participate in the development and implementation of imaginative and creative strategies to enable systems to change. (PO7) CO6: Develop a personal awareness of complex organizational systems, and integrate values and beliefs with organizational mission. (PO7) CO7: Apply leadership concepts in the development and initiation of effective plans for the microsystems and system-wide practice improvements that will improve the...
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Tax Impacts to Corporation and Shareholder of a IRC Sec. 351

Option #1: Part 1: Tax Impacts to Corporation and Shareholder of a IRC Sec. 351 Contribution Taxpayer A transfers property with an adjusted basis of $10,000 and a fair market value of $50,000 to a controlled corporation in exchange for stock worth $30,000, cash of $10,000, and other property with a fair market value of $10,000. What, if any gain will be recognized? Part 2: Schedule M1 (CT1) and M2 (CT2) For Rocky Mountain Equipment Corporation Form 1120-F The Rocky Mountain Equipment Corporation, a Colorado Corporation, was formed by two Colorado State University business school graduates. The Rocky Mountain Equipment Corporation incorporated on October 20, 1974. The main line of business is selling recreational equipment to outdoor enthusiasts. Starting in their parents’ garage, they have grown the corporation to a multimillion dollar business. To comply with accounting requirements, the company uses an accrual method of accounting. Its accumulated earnings and profits as of December 31, 2016, were $1,200. It made cash distributions...
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Marketing Plan Example: PepsiCo

Executive Summary PepsiCo is a well-established organization that has been producing soft drinks over the years. Recently, the company has managed to make a new product by the name Diet pep that is an energy drink. The company is interested in making a unique drink that will satisfy the customers’ needs in taste and utility. Vision Our vision is to offer our customers with a drink that not only drives away thirst but also gives energy and strength for better health. We achieve this by ensuring that the contents of the product are of quality and high standards. Objectives Our objective is to grow our sales from the current level by 30% by the end of year one. We also want to increase our market share by 50% by the end of year two. Target Markets Our target market is the people who enjoy soft drinks, but they feel that the current products in the market do not give them the utility they require. The target market...
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Organizational Behavior

Organizational Behavior 1.0 Introduction All organizations deal with the concept of organizational behavior. Organizations have workplaces that have workforce. Different organizations have different workforces because of the differences that people display. In addition, workforce in an organization has different characteristics of people. These differences form organizational behavior in organizations. Organizational behavior refers to the study and the use of knowledge about the way people act in organizations as individuals or in groups (Reddy 2004, p. 19). The study of organizational behavior entails the use of a systematic approach. It analyses and interprets the relationship between people and the organization that has employed them. It does this in terms of the whole organization, group, persons, and the social system that exists in the organization. This paper explores the concept of organizational behavior in a holistic sense. 2.0 Implementation of major changes Organizational behavior of the work force in an organization influences the success or failure of an organization. For an organization to achieve maximum success,...
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Business Ethics Reflection Essay

In my business class, I learnt that the scope of ethics, also known as moral philosophy, involves systematic analysis of concepts, defending, and recommending them as either right or wrong. I learnt that there are three crucial elements of ethical theories. They are; the distinct moralities that stress different values, the role of ethics as a systematic unifier of values and the question of whether ethical principles are values in a real sense. Applying utilitarianism in assessing the impacts of actions in relation to the ethical elements relies upon some inherent value whose assumption is that, it is possible to compare and weigh alternative actions and estimate, which would have better consequences. I also learnt that deontological ethics provides for unique duties and obligations focusing on devotion to independent moral rules or duties. This is because it judges the morality of an act based on the action's adherence to a rule. In the course of learning, I identified workplace safety issues like...
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Business Principles on Job Costing

When ordering for goods it is always important to first fill in an order sheet that might be in a specific order book especially when dealing with large companies. The order sheet gives details of the goods being ordered for by anyone. It has an identification number that specifically identifies that particular order and makes it unique from the rest. This order when it is dully filled in is sent to the supplier and a copy is left with the ordering firm. This makes it easy when it comes to claims arising in cases of errors during payments as it can be retrieved and used for cross-referencing. The process of job costing starts with the filling in of a job sheet. This sheet gives all the details of the work done. It also shows the type of the work done and its’ duration. It is after filling in of this sheet that the type of costs incurred is determined. The process...
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Case Study Analysis on Unilever

Case Study- Unilever Q1. How are Unilever executives’ wireless handhelds related to the company’s business performance? The handhelds are convenient to carry around and enables the executives to carry out their transactions even when they are not in their offices. It makes it easier for the management to communicate effectively without any interruptions. This makes the business deals to be done in time thus saving on time. The long, bureaucratic procedures that characterize the business industry soon became outdated. This will in turn increase the productivity of the business thus increasing their returns. Much of the time that could have been used in meetings to decide on some issues is further reduced. The meetings are only left for the manifestly outstanding issues as the rest can be comfortably agreed on over the phone (Mittal & Gupta, 2010). The handhelds are easy to operate and do not require any specialized training. This makes the company not to incur any extra costs in the process...
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Business Plan for the Ford Motor Company

Business Plan for the Ford Motor Company Introduction The Ford Motor Company was started by Henry ford back in 1903 and it has been under the leadership of the Ford Family for the last ten decades  growing to attain a work force of over 210,000 in almost a hundred plants scattered all over the world. It was founded in America in Detroit Henry Ford managed to get twelve investors who raised a sum of $28,000 in cash, which he used to get a converted factory as the company’s premises. The factory was located on Mack Avenue in Detroit, Michigan. It was in the great depression that the company’s strength was determined when it sailed through the tough times. From its humble beginning, the company struggled to become the second largest automaker in America and top five in the world by 2010 with a net profit of $6.6 billion. It also has a stake in Mazda. Being in the top ten of American...
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Marketing Plan for BioAxxis' Keyless Entry

Summary and introduction BioAxxis' keyless entry is a form of door lock that uses ones fingerprint to authenticate operations used both indoor and outdoor For one to use it, you need to program it with the fingerprints of all the users. It has been voted as one of the best biometric locks for doors The product goes for only $229.00 therefore affordable to anyone as compared to other highly rated locks. Objectives To create awareness of the product and increases the sales in all households around and beyond north and easy Syracuse Product SWOT It is rated as the most secure door lock system, and is the cheapest of its kind Not many people are familiar with biometric locks, hence the need to create awareness to potential buyers The need to increase security makes people to demand more secure systems to safeguard their property Market overview The target market is anybody who owns a house. This is a wide market as almost all the middle class and working people are targeted. This area provides...
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Starbucks SWOT Analysis to Increase Annual Sales

  Starbucks SWOT Analysis to Increase Annual Sales Introduction Starbucks is the largest coffeehouse operating not only in America but also over the whole world. Founded in 1971 but later acquired by Howard Schultz in 1987, the corporation specializes in brewing of top quality Arabica coffee, and some few other drinks. Since the acquisition by Schultz in 1987, Starbucks has quickly developed over the years, becoming the biggest speciality of its kind in the world, and joining the list of Forbes 500. It is headquartered in Seattle, Washington and currently operates some seventeen thousand stores, which are distributed in over fifty countries in the world, mainly in the USA, Canada and the United Kingdom (Marie 2009). Currently, Starbucks has felt the pinch of the global economic crisis, which led to a period of recession. Howard Schultz took again as the CEO at this moment, and in a bid to reverse the trend of falling share prices, implemented various strategies. Schultz’s dream seems sturdy, and...
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Starbuck’s Strategic and Competitive Analysis

Strategic and Competitive Analysis Using Internet resources identify the product attributes customers seek when buying hot coffee. (10 marks) A product is something, which can satisfy a need or want that can be offered to the market. Attributes are properties of a given product, service, brand, advertisement or anything of interest. Attributes are inherent in the product and can be either concrete or abstract. They can also be referred to as product features that attract buyers. They are the characteristics by which a product or service is identified or differentiated. They consist of features, benefits, uses and functions of the product. A great deal of brand and market study is aimed at understanding the most powerful and influential attributes of a product, service or brand. They may have many attributes including cost, value for money, status, taste, usability, likability and a wide range of image or personality attributes. Price attribute is one of the main attributes customers look for when buying Starbucks hot...
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AT&T's Strategic Formulation

Strategic Formulation AT&T is a globally reputable organization known for the provision of IP-solutions the communication sector. In order to widen its market presence, the company has a vision of having the aspiration that drives them to act in a way that they can be admired for offering valuable solutions to customers. The company also strives to enhance the lives of its customers thereby making the communication business a more exciting one. With its top CEO earning a salary of 6.58 million, the company boasts of making a whole whooping profit of $60 billion. Generally, the company is performing well as depicted by the net revenues ($124 billion) and net income (19 billion) in 2010 alone. The success of AT&T is determined by its strengths, the weaknesses, challenges and opportunities in the communication market. Some of the strengths for AT&T include the fact that it has more than 30 percent of the entire market share in the communication industry. This gives it a...
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Controlling and Cost-Cutting Contribution to Toyota Recent Massive Recalls

Introduction The strategy of globalization comes with the advantage of price competitiveness and a challenge of management issues.  The ability of management to anticipate envisions and maintains flexibility with the changing and demanding markets is paramount to the success of the company. Efficient and effective use of available resources through planning, organizing and putting structures that will ensure the same is significant. The overall goal achievement of a large company like Toyota is based on the management styles of the people in charge of the processes. Toyota admitted that the recent recall was because of defects from the America assembling plants. Compared to other car makers Toyota was leading in crashes reported with six fold the industry average. Car manufacturers need to be equipped with excellent capabilities of product design, production engineering and product assembly. There is a quite a number of reasons why the error in the manufacturing lines might have occurred this include: Employee errors Inefficient quality management Management errors in design...
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AT&T Strategic Analysis and Recommendations

Why were these strategies chosen? The strategies chosen are important because the company needs to regain its initial market leadership into the mobile telephony. Ultimately, being a market leader will obviously enable the company to enjoy bigger profits margins and enhance it revenue earnings. If the company loses its command to Verizon, it will obviously mean that it has been outcompeted. This will ultimately result in failure and this has to bee avoided. 2. Discuss why AT&T is apart of emerging industries AT&T has not been receptive to customer complains and preferences and this has made to be the lasts one in implementing various strategies within the industry. 3. Explain why AT&T has a first mover advantage over Verizon. AT &T has a number of advantages over Verizon and includes the fact it was the first company to market the Apple’s iPhone. This has given the company a greater business muscle than Verizon. Additionally, AT&T has concentrated much on American market and this enable the...
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AT&T Strategic Formulation

AT&T  Strategic Formulation AT&T is a high tech company competing in an emerging industry. This means that there is a strong “first mover advantage,” and AT&T has done very well at maintaining that edge. Strategies should then be based around three broad growth strategies. –Technological leadership –Preemption of strategically valuable industries –Creation of customer-switching costs   Owing to the existing competition from Verizon, the company should focus on the following strategies. The company should lower the prices for its product relative to that of its competitor and this may act to increase the market base (Morden, 2007).  Partnership with iPhone should be revived because this appears to have given Verizon a competitive advantage. This also extends to include partnerships with other companies offering SmartPhones because it appears this is current trend in the telephony industry. The company should invest in global market and this will provide a fairly competing ground with Verizon. The company should focus in motivating employees and this retention of valuable talents whilst they are absorbed...
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Self-Managed Teams

Introduction A team comprises of a group of people who are working together for a common purpose. There are several types of groups, which differ widely in the way that they are organized and managed. These can include project teams, virtual teams, and self-managed teams, independent and interdependent teams. These differ from each other in terms of organisation, functions, leadership system and methods of accountability. Each type of team has its own advantages and disadvantages, and when it comes to human resource management, it is essential to research on and evaluate the different kinds of team structures in order to ensure that you come up with the best strategy that will work in different cases. A self managed team, also known as a self directed or self regulated team, refers to a kind of team whereby unlike in the traditional models where there is hierarchical mode of administration, there is a perceived sense of freedom whereby members plan determine and manage their...
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Ethical Dilemmas at Apple

Introduction Steven Wozniak formed an Apple computer in April 1976. He had previously worked for Hewlett-Packard. His friend Steven jobs working for Atari was the driving force for them to form a company jointly and market the apple 1 computer. Later in 1983, they produced a revolutionary computer that used graphical user interface: the Lisa. By then apple had employed thousands and succeeded in many fronts with Macs user-friendly interface in its products. For sure, Apple ignited the computer revolution changing the computing world for ever. As years progressed the company had to outsource services as well as subcontracting some of its production from other countries (Resnick,  2004). Ethical and moral issues are complex since they involve the culture of the company, which is extremely diverse. At apple, ethical violations could negatively impact on the company’s reputations. This could hurt the company economically and have enormous effects on the workforce. Ethical Dilemmas at Apple These are disagreement about acceptable ethical principles towards employment conditions,...
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