|Experimental Research Proposal|
Identify one way in which you could use Kearins’ model for an additional experiment. This is a proposal for an actual experiment you will carry out! It should be practical and strictly follow the Kearins design. You will need to use two different groups (you have easy access to), since you won’t have access to the same kind of sample as Kearins. This could be a younger vs. an older sample, different genders, different occupations, etc. However, you will use exactly the same sets of objects Kearins used, i.e., for naturalistic different use a set of rocks, leaves, or the like, and for artifactual different use a set of human made objects (no need to do naturalistic or artifactual same).
Select samples that you have easy access to. Sample size: Minimally n=6 in each group (total minimally n=12). Make sure to use an even number.
It will be best for you to work with two arrays, which you can set up in advance. Cover them with a light kitchen towel or cardboard.
1) Rationale (why does it make sense to do the experiment you are proposing?) and research question/hypothesis/prediction. The Kearins article should help you with this.
2) Two groups of objects to be used in the experiment. List each object for each set as specified below in the outline. Your research should use a 20 square array.
You must include images for all objects (objects must be clearly visible).
3) Two samples. (Which groups could you contrast?) Discuss how you will access your samples.
4) Write up a paragraph of verbal instructions you will give your research participants.
Length: As long as it takes (presumably a page or two plus images).
It is required that you use the following outline for this assignment. Copy the following headings (in caps!) and insert your answers. Carefully follow the instructions just given under Details. Make sure to keep a copy of the assignment in your computer. Always save the file using your own word processing program.
Please note: You will only be able to commence with your experiment once I have approved your design. Don’t be surprised if you receive requests for revisions, a normal part of developing a research design.
PROPOSED EXPERIMENT (1 short paragraph)
1) RATIONALE, RESEARCH QUESTION/HYPOTHESIS/PREDICTION
2) TWO SETS OF OBJECTS TO BE USED, make sure to list each individual item.
SET 1 (20 objects, include images for all objects):
RATIONALE FOR SET 1:
Object 3 etc.
Set 2 (20 objects, include images for all objects):
RATIONALE FOR SET 2:
Object 3 etc.
3) TWO SAMPLES
4) Instructions to research participants (include in this verbatim statement information about how long the experiment will approximately take and that they will receive feedback at the very end)
REFERENCES (only as needed, APA STYLE required)
Your participants must be recruited outside of class.
1) Begin with an abstract. For details on how to write an abstract see the video under Chapter 7 module.
2) Introduction (1 – 2) pages): Summarize Kearins’ research in 2-3 sentences, focus on her experimental designs. Succinctly summarize her experimental strategy. Then discuss any relevant research that specifically pertains to your particular experiment (e.g., literature on gender typing). Clearly spell out the hypothesis you are testing. Explain why you are choosing this hypothesis (give a rationale). Clearly identify your independent and dependent variables. (3 references minimum.)
3) Methodology (1-2 pages): Describe how you developed your experiment. How did you go about implementing it? Who was your sample? Describe each step carefully. IMPORTANT: Include in your discussion what worked logistically, what didn’t. Do NOT include any results here. Clearly define and describe your two samples (no raw data, summaries). Make sure to include images of your arrays plus the verbatim instructions you gave to your participants.
4) Results (as long as it takes): Your data need to be presented in three forms:
a) Narrative description;
c) graph (see textbook p.230ff.).
Clearly describe the results in your own words.
Results need to be based minimally on n=12 (minimally n=6 in each group). Think about the best presentation of data in table and graph.
Make sure to have tables and graphs on correct replacements as well as the time it took for participants to replace the objects.
5) Conclusions (1 page): Clearly state whether your hypothesis/predictions/assumptions were supported by your results or not. Discuss the implications of the experiment. Discuss what you would have done differently in retrospect. Contextualize your results explicitly using Kearins research. Discuss sugggestions for future research.
6) Appendix: Attach tables of ALL your original data, i.e. 12 scoring sheets for your participants (replacement and time for replacement).
And finally: Write an abstract (review at least three APA style abstracts before writing your own). CAREFULLY REVIEW THE INFORMATION ABOUT ABSTRACTS IN OUR TEXTBOOK. Clearly mention your major results. For details see:http://online.santarosa.edu/presentation/page/?106522
You MUST use this outline by copying and pasting it into your research paper (exactly as is).
NOTE: Title page and abstract need to be on separate pages. Introduction, references, and appendices should begin on new pages.
ABSTRACT (120 words) (separate page)
INTRODUCTION (Approximately 1 page) (begin on new page)
METHOD (1-2 pages, including photos of correct setup of two arrays)
RESULTS (INCLUDE FIGURES AND TABLES WITH RESULTS IN THE APPROPRIATE PLACES) (as long as it takes)
CONCLUSIONS (1-2 pages, including suggestions for a next experiment along the same lines)
Upon completion of your paper, double check the following:
— Are your tables and graphs numbered?
— To you have tables and graphs both for correct replacements and replacement time?
— Did you include standard deviations in both?
— Make sure to use the right terminology for “graph” in APA style.
— Make sure your table has a title and your graph has a caption and that they are in the correct style (normal vs. italics).
— Are all abbreviations explained with the table and with the graph?
— Could you completely understand each of your tables and graphs without any further explanations?
— Do you have at least one APA style reference in your introduction?
— Did you include images of your arrays? Are they properly labeled as figures APA style? Numbered?
— Are your tables, graphs, and images inserted in the proper places of the text (as per assignment instructions, different from the example in the textbook appendix)?
— Did you clearly discuss your hypothesis/prediction in your concluding discussion? What’s the verdict?
— Did you write an APA style abstract that clearly includes central results?
APPENDIX (original scoring sheets).