Undertake a research project within Services for Health and Social Care or Children and Young People
The purpose of this unit is to enable you to demonstrate that you have the knowledge, skills and understanding to undertake a research project in Services for Health and Social Care or Children and Young People.
This guidance will help you to set out and develop your project so that you cover all the steps required to achieve the unit.
Sources of information
Here are some sources of information which you may find useful:
Your assessor may request which approach they wish you to use for them
Undertake a HRM research project
Let’s start with some fundamentals.
Firstly you need to consider what is to be the focus of your research project and to develop its aims and objectives relating to health and social care or children and young people. This may be something which has interested you for some time, or it may be an issue which is topical.
For example you might want to try and establish to what extent your service is delivering personalised experiences to individuals and their families. By doing this you will try to prove that delivering high quality services to vulnerable individuals combines safe, effective, caring, responsiveness and well led attributes that meet the inspection criteria.
Research projects usually fit into one of four categories of research:
Researchers have different world views or belief systems which guide them in their research, influencing the decisions they make about how to conduct their studies, what counts as valid knowledge, what is the right way to obtain that knowledge, how it should be analysed (e.g. using quantitative or qualitative-based methods) and what their own role in the process is.
Case Study Analysis The post-positivist tradition emerged in the 19th century. They challenged the positivist attempts to seek “absolute truth” arguing that this was not appropriate when studying the behaviour and actions of people. This led to an acceptance that absolute truth can never be found and that research evidence is not infallible or perfect.
Urban Communications Plan According to the social constructivist paradigm, people try to make sense of the world they live in. Through interaction with other people, they develop subjective understandings and meanings of their experience and they do this within a specific social, political, cultural and historical context. Social constructivists believe that there is not one reality but rather varied and multiple realities. Based on this theory of reality, researchers are interested in trying to understand the way people experience and make sense of the world.
Biological Approach In Psychology Compatibility theory acknowledged the different philosophical assumptions but stated that each approach had its strengths and weaknesses, that neither was right or wrong and that methods typically used by each could even be mixed in the same study. This is known as the pragmatic paradigm and is generally accepted nowadays as being a valid approach to research.
Toyota Vehicle Recalls Undertaking research, particularly in health and social care or children and young people, carries with it significant responsibilities both in terms of how the research is carried out and how the findings are used/published. Much, if not all, of the data you will use will be confidential and it is imperative that the rights of all individuals involved in the project are respected. As such you need to take into account any legal restrictions, for example confidentiality of information or sensitivity of protecting identity of participants that could impact on your research.
Rationale Agency Analysis You also need to be clear about the aims and objectives of the project:
Taking the example of scrutinising your own service it is one of the best ways to learn about what things your team and you do right and what needs adjusting. In developing the aims and objectives of the research it should help you to understand your service better but also to understand the needs of the individuals, their families, friends, advocates etc.
Building Brand Loyalty The project should help you to put things more into practice and be more reflective of your actions. The research should help you to put things into perspective and find out different approaches, ideas from others, and how you can adapt those to your service if applicable.
Finally, you will need a title for your research project!
|The title of my research project is:|
Discussion Board Reflection Define and explain your research area, state what the aims and objectives of the project are and identify any ethical or other considerations inherent in the topic and the research methods to be used.
|My research area is:|
|The aims and objectives of the project are:|
Clinical Research Trends Think about research looking across a wide range of literature relating to health and social care or children and young people. Perhaps you might include the findings of media and general public perception about the changes and progress through the years within the sector, if this is applicable, and perhaps consider some of the information and findings from fellow managers and their experiences, as well as attending service provider’s forums and relative seminars. SWOT Analysis Research Project
Provide a summary of your literature review findings. As you find potential sources of information and opinion, make a note of the source, when it was published or originated and the author(s). Enter these in the space below or keep a spreadsheet with the details on.
Research is generally divided into:
Once this stage is completed, the job of the researcher is to sift through the data, considering whether it is reliable and from a trusted source or authority, whether it is still current and whether it is authentic. There have been some famous or infamous cases where “research” has been published which ultimately turns out to be based on inaccurate or even false data. Finally, having considered all the data and information gathered, then the researcher proposes their findings, conclusions and judgements.
Listed below are some common research approaches:
In order to do so it is important that you understand what they are.
In order to carry out a critical comparison of different types of research you need to review a wide range of methods and come to justified conclusions of your method(s) choice. Organizational Vision and Success
|Methodology||Advantage/disadvantage of using this approach for this project||Uses|
Now decide which approach(es) you will use for your research.
It may help you to justify your conclusion(s) by considering the following questions:
Health and Social Care Task 4
Which research approach/method have you chosen to use for your project?
Explain why you have selected this.
Having considered the various research approaches, now you need to decide how you will gather the data or information and what tools you will use to analyse it. Your project might lend itself to case study formulation, or you may need to use observations. Or you may need to collate data that has already been gathered and analyse this.
Leadership Exemplar questionnaires that obtain information from large number of people (more private and honest with no time pressure). Questionnaires can contain multiple choice questions, attitude scales, closed questions and open-ended questions. Questionnaires can be administered in a number of different ways (e.g. sent by post or as email attachments, posted on Internet sites, handed out personally or administered to audience (such as people attending conferences)
In the care environment the dominant method used is the qualitative approach, as results may be established by measuring the changes in outcomes measured against management tools (such as performance targets i.e. number of complaints, compliments etc.)
There are various I.T. programmes which can be used to sort and analyse data. But some types of information require something other than “number crunching”. Again, this is your decision and you will need to consider the type of information and data that you will be gathering and what you are looking for within that data/information.
These are some examples of tools used to collect and / or analyse data:
In the table below, note down the different data or information that you will need to gather for your research and how you will analyse this. Then note down any issues regarding the data that you will need to check e.g. for reliability, authenticity and currency.
|Data/information to be obtained||Means of analysis||Checks required|
Finally it is important to plan the logistics of the research carefully. So, you now need to set out the “nuts and bolts” of the project:
You need to formulate an action plan of things that will need doing:
Remember that your research project must explain and demonstrate that you:
Your research report or presentation should set out your findings and conclusions based on your analysis.
You should make recommendations (which should follow the original aims of your project)
For example by analysing and reflecting on the data gathered what recommendations can you make with regards to the area of your research?
You should suggest how your findings could be used e.g. policy changes, recruitment, safeguarding, training, duty of care.
For example potential uses for the research within your practice might include:
The next pages are set out with headings to help
you gather your research together. You do not have to use these, but should try
to follow the same headings in your report.
|Research project title|
|Aims and objectives|
|Sources of information and data|
|Outline of methodology and approach (attach examples of tools used e.g. questionnaires, observations etc)|
|Considerations taken into account|
|Data analysis (continue on a separate sheet if needed)|
|Validation of data|
|Summary of findings|
|Conclusions and recommendations|
| Possible application or uses of research findings |
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