Could please define the following 11 questions. (Each answer has to be aprox 180 words) Total of 1500 words including questions.
1 Explain the differences between experience-expectant (the brain’s ability to create circuits based on typical human experience, such as hearing voices or seeing faces) and experience dependent development (The brain’s ability to create circuits based on atypical forms of experience, such extensive training in music or sports).
Question 2 Outline the effects of maternal depression on infant development. (Depending of the duration of mother’s depression: infant protest, wariness and looking away, attacking toys, more unfocused
Question 3 What evidence suggests that shyness has a biological basis?. (Studies of Jerome Kagan, 1998 “Biological Basis of Shyness and Sociability”) Question
4 What are some problems associated with describing ‘normal’ development?. (Ie. trying to prime infants with stimulation for which are not ready -math, gym, art, science- can cause the to withdraw, threatening their spontaneous interest and pleasure in learning and creating conditions much like those of stimulus deprivation)
Question 5 What are the advantages and disadvantages of naturalistic observations when assessing a child’s development.
Question 6 How does language support young children’s social-emotional development? Question 7 What evidence indicates that babies are ‘preprogramed’ for language development? (Noam Chomsky Language Acquisition Device LAD)
Question 8 Describe Lewis and Brooks-Gunn ‘rouge test’ and explain what it shows about development
Question 9 How can adults help to socialise young children?. (Moral development, a child is more likely to take notice of an adult who has demonstrated warmth and acceptance than one who is authoritarian)
Question 10 Is day care good for toddlers? provide research evidence to support your answer. (Possible effect on children attachment however research has found that higher quality care is associated with such positive outcomes as greater as cooperativeness, more social participation, greater independence, etc etc)
Question 11 Some researchers consider environment in the first 3 years of life to be crucial for later development. Others disagree. What is your opinion? justify your stance from your reading. (Reference: Bee, H & Boyd, D 2010, the developing child, 12th edn, Allyn & Bacon, New York pp. 442-446) Question 12 List and make brief notes on the risk factors which may increase the likelihood of child abuse. (Reference: Parke, RD & Gauvain, M 2009, Child psychology; A contemporary viewpoint, McGraw-Hill, NY, pp. 426-430) Question 13 List and make brief notes on the effects of child abuse on the child

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