Write an MA dissertation of 12000 words discussing the topic: Interventionism; between Humanitarian and States’ National Interest. Case Study Libya and Syria. Discuss the title above in a 12000 words dissertation covering an introduction, three or four chapters, and a conclusion. References and Bibliography from the suggested list below. an introduction should ideally contain: -The title or topic of your dissertation – introduction to your puzzle – justifying: why you are interested in this topic and why is this topic important/relevant? -Concepts definitions etc. should be included early on. -Your research question. -Your central argument – remember this is a value choice dependent on your standpoint. -The structure of the dissertation (Chapter One will look at…In Chapter Two…) -Choice of case studies and justification if appropriate (why these and not others?). -Methodology -Literature review. The Thesis of the dissertation should argue and support the realistic point of view and belief towards Great Powers national interest in other states for intervention. Syria Case: Why states didn’t intervene until now although there have been a strong case for humanitarian intervention: mass killing, immigration, slaughtering…. What are the political reasons behind inaction in Syria ? Reasons vary from political, geopolitical, economical to strategic interest for great powers in the region. Libya Case: Why states intervene in Libya ? Reasons behind intervention: humanitarian intervention : yes, but favored with economic interest. Talk about Western countries that support humanitarian interventionism and they have not yet intervened in Syria. What are the states’ national interests that dictate against humanitarian intervention. -Political Interest. -Israel Position in the region and the US concern to secure its borders. -Economical Interest. -Instability in the region. Responsibility to Protect doctrine: Is it only meant to protect civilians or it goes beyond this ? Case of Libya ? Suggested Readings: Alexidze, Levan (1981), “Legal Nature of Jus Cogens in ContemporaryInternational Law”, in Recueil des cours, Vol. 172, p. 219-270. Amnéus, Diana (2012), “Has Humanitarian Intervention Become Part of International Law under the Responsibility to Protect Doctrine?”, in Julia Hoffmann and André Nollkaemper, eds., Responsibility to Protect. From Principle toPractice, Amsterdam, Pallas Publications and Amsterdam University Press, p. 157-171. Bellamy, Alex J. (2011), “Libya and the Responsibility to Protect: The Exception and the Norm”, Ethics & International Affairs, Vol. 25, No. 3 (September), p. 263-269. Boisson de Chazournes, Louise, and Condorelli, Luigi (2006), “De la ‘responsabilité de protéger’, ou d’une nouvelle parure pour une notion déjà bien établie”, Révue générale de droit internationalpublic, Vol. 110, No. 1, p. 11-18,http://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:6162. Bokova, Irina (2012), “Culture in the Cross Hairs”,International Herald Tribune, 3 December, p. 12,http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/03/opinion/global/cultural-sites-must-be-protected.html. Brownlie, Ian (1974),“Humanitarian Intervention”, in John Norton Moore, ed., Law and Civil War in the ModernWorld, Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, p. 217-228. Cassese, Antonio (1999), “Ex iniuria ius oritur: Are we Moving towards International Legitimation of Forcible Humanitarian Countermeasures in the World Community?”, European Journal ofInternational Law, Vol. 10, No. 1,p. 23-30, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejil/10.1.23. Chesterman, Simon (2011), “‘Leading from Behind’: The Responsibility to Protect, the Obama Doctrine, and Humanitarian Intervention after Libya”, Ethics &International Affairs, Vol. 25, No. 3 (September), p. 279-285. Francioni, Francesco (2000),“Of War, Humanity and Justice: InternationalLaw after Kosovo”, Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law, Vol. 4, p. 107-126,http://www.mpil.de/shared/data/pdf/pdfmpunyb/francioni_4.pdf. Francioni, Francesco (2005), “Balancing the Prohibition of Force with the Need to Protect Human Rights: A Methodological Approach”, in Enzo Cannizzaro and Paolo Pacchetti, eds., CustomaryInternational Law on the Use of Force. A Methodological Approach, Leiden and Boston, Nijhoff, p. 269-292. Hannikainen, Lauri (1988), Peremptory Norms (Jus Cogens) inInternational Law. Historical Development, Criteria,Present Status, Helsinki, Finnish Lawyers’ Publishing Company. Hehir, Aidan (2008), Humanitarian Intervention after Kosovo. Iraq, Darfur and the Record of Global Civil Society,Basingstoke and New York, Palgrave Macmillan. 16 WORKING PAPER 15 Hehir, Aidan (2012), The Responsibility to Protect. Rhetoric, Reality and the Future of Humanitarian Intervention, Basingstoke and New York, Palgrave Macmillan. Hilpold, Peter (2012), “Intervening in the Name of Humanity: R2P and the Power of Ideas”, Journal of Conflict and Security Law, Vol. 17, No. 1 (Spring), p. 49-79. Hoffmann, Julia, and Nollkaemper, André, eds.(2012), Responsibility to Protect. From Principle to Practice, Amsterdam, Pallas Publications and Amsterdam University Press. Hurd, Ian (2011), “Is Humanitarian Intervention Legal? The Rule of Law in an Incoherent World”, Ethics &International Affairs, Vol. 25, No. 3 (September), p. 293-313,http://faculty.wcas.northwestern.edu/~ihu355/Home_files/is%20hi%20legal.pdf. Joffe, George (1994), “Sovereignty and Intervention: The Perspective from the Developing World”, in Marianne Heiberg, ed., Subduing Sovereignty. Sovereignty and the Right to Intervene, London, Pinter, p. 62-95. Krause, Joachim, and Ronzitti, Natalino, eds. (2012), The EU, the UN and Collective Security, London and New York, Routledge. Lillich, Richard (1974), “Humanitarian Intervention: A Reply to Ian Brownlie and a Plea for Constructive Alternatives”,in John Norton Moore, ed., Law and Civil War in the Modern World, Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, p.229-251. Mohamed, Saria (2012), “Taking Stock of the Responsibility to Protect”, Stanford Journal ofInternational Law, Vol.48, No. 2 (Summer), p. 319-339,http://ssrn.com/abstract=2065520. Ortega, Martin, ed. (2005), “The European Union and the United Nations. Partners in Effective Multilateralism”, Chaillot Papers, No. 78 (June), http://www.iss.europa.eu/publications/detail/article/the-european-union-andthe-united-nations-partners-in-effective-multilateralism. Pattison, James (2010), Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility to Protect. Who Should Intervene?, Oxford and New York, Oxford University Press. Picone, Paolo (1995), “Interventi delle Nazioni Unite e obblighi erga omnes”, in Paolo Picone, ed., Interventi delle Nazioni Unite e diritto internazionale, Padova, Cedam, p. 517-578 . Powell, Catherine (2012), “Libya: A Multilateral Constitutional Moment?”, American Journal ofInternational Law, Vol. 106, No. 2 (April), p. 298-316,http://scholarship.law.georgetown.edu/facpub/983. Ronzitti, Natalino (1986), “Use of Force, Jus Cogens and State Consent”, in Antonio Cassese, ed., The Current Legal Regulation of the Use of Force, Dordrecht, Nijhoff, p. 147-166. Ronzitti, Natalino (2012), “NATO Intervention in Libya: A Genuine Action to Protect a Civilian Population in Mortal Danger or an Intervention Aimed at Regime Change?”, The Italian Yearbook ofInternational Law, Vol. 21: 2011, p. 3-21. 17 WORKING PAPER 15 Simma, Bruno (1999), “NATO, the UN and the Use of Force: Legal Aspects”, European Journal ofInternational Law, Vol. 10, No.1, p. 1-22, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejil/10.1.1. Simms, Brendan, and Trim, David J.B., eds. (2011), Humanitarian Intervention. A History, Cambridge and New York, Cambridge University Press. Task Force on the EU Prevention of Mass Atrocities (2013), The EU and the Prevention of Mass Atrocities. AnAssessment of Strengths and Weaknesses, Budapest, Foundation for the International Prevention of Mass Atrocities, 6 March,http://www.massatrocitiestaskforce.eu/Report.html. Tesón, Fernando (2003), “The Liberal Case for Humanitarian Intervention”, in J.L. Holzgrefe and Robert O. Keohane, eds. Humanitarian Intervention. Ethical, Legal and Political Dilemmas, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, p. 93-129. Tesón, Fernando R. (2005), Humanitarian Intervention. An Inquiry into Law and Morality, 3. edn, New York, Transnational Publishers. Vierucci, Luisa (2012), “The No-Fly Zone over Libya: Enforcement Issues”, The Italian Yearbook of InternationalLaw, Vol. 21: 2011, p. 21-44. Welsh, Jennifer (2011), “Civilian Protection in Libya: Putting Coercion and Controversy Back into RtoP”, Ethics & International Affairs, Vol. 25, No. 3 (September), p. 255-262. Wouters, Jan, De Man, Philip, and Vincent, Marie (2012), “The Responsibility to Protect and Regional Organisations: Where Does the European Union Stand?,” in Julia Hoffmann and André Nollkaemper, eds., Responsibility to Protect. From Principle to Practice, Amsterdam, Pallas Publications and Amsterdam University Press, p. 247-270. 2. 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