I would like to write about the relationship and its dynamics between Japan and the US on Nuclear Energy. Here is what I was thinking to write; Provisional title: Japanese Foreign Policy on Nuclear Energy: From Reactive to Proactive? The Transition of Japan’s Nuclear Policy and Japan-US relationship Aims and Objectives: In this research, I am going to explore the internationalrelations between Japan and other countries, especially the US in terms of energy security with the comparison of before and post Fukushima era. I will focus on foreign policy changes in energy security before and after 3.11, and how the external pressure (mostly from the US) drove Japan to have nuclear energy and how did the accident in 2011 impacted Japan’s foreign policy as well as domestic policy in nuclear policy. From Kent Calder’s literature, it is said that Japan’s foreign policy is “reactive†, since its decision is strongly influenced by the US. In this essay, I would like to verify if Japan’s foreign policy has been reactive in the case of nuclear energy. My hypothesis is that Japan’s foreign policy has not been reactive, rather, it is proactive. It might have been reactive until it gained economic strength; however, once it achieved economic development, it has become more assertive toward the US. In other words, it had been reactive since the surrender until 1960s, but it has become more assertive from 1970s onwards. I will also explore Japan’s role in theinternational society as a country which experienced both atomic-bomber and nuclear disaster. Research Questions: -What factors drove Japan to make a decision of taking nuclear energy policy? -How was the relationship between Japan and the US in the 1970s? -How does Japan keep the energy security after Fuksuhima? -What was the impact of 3.11 to the world and Japan’s foreign policy in energy security? -How Japan’s foreign policy in energy security changed after Fukushima? -To what extent Japan can play an important role as a country which experienced nuclear disaster? Outline: 1. Japanese Foreign Policy Overview 2. Japan’s policy in energy security BEFORE 3.11 2-1.1945-1950s: reactive 2-1-1. Japan’s foreign policy with the US: atom’s peaceful use? External pressure (gaiatsu)? 2-1-2. Prohibition of Research and Development of Nuclear by GHQ 2-1-3. Atoms for Peace and Restart of Nuclear Research and Development in Japan 2-1-4. The Accident in the Daigofukuryumaru 2-2. 1960s: reactive 2-2-1. The background of introducing nuclear power plant in Japan 2-2-2. Still on the Stage of Development 2-3. 1970s: more proactive(assertive) 2-3-1. The Change of Japan-US relationship 2-3-2Japan became more assertive on its policy due to: -Two oil shocks -Japan’s economic Growth -Japan as a country without energy resource 2-4. 1980s: proactive 2-4-1. Chernobyl Accident 2-5. 1990s: proactive 2-5-1. Tokai JCO Accident 2-5-2. Environment commitment: GHG emission (Kyoto Protocol) 2-6. 2000s: proactive 2-6-1. Nuclear Renescence? -US President Bush’s favourable attitude on Nuclear -Japan’s Energy Security Plan: to Increase its coverage of Nuclear to 40% by 2030. -Less influence from other nuclear accident? 3. Japan’s policy in energy security AFTER 3.11 3-1. Background of the accident 3-2. Nuclear energy and domestic politics 3-3. Japan\’s 2012 general election 3-4. Tokyo Mayor election 3-5. Nuclear security: Japan’s international role Please include; -about Non-proliferation of nuclear (NPT etc) -Japan’s Foreign policy in energy security: how it has been changed? -With the US and other developed countries -With developing countries

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