Here is the sample of argumentative essay Outline Food for Thought: The Need to Improve the Quality of Food in Public Schools BACKGROUND PARAGRAPH: This paragraph will cover the history of food suppliers and food preparation in American public schools, starting with the introduction of the four food groups and going through the contracts schools have with restaurant chains and vending companies.

SC1: A diet high in processed foods typically lacks the vitamins and other nutrients needed to maintain the energy levels students require in order to be attentive in school. 1. Description of the typical school cafeteria menu, broken down by processed foods and fresh foods and explanation of how the body processes carbs, sugars, fats 2. “Sugar shock” and how this affects students’ listening and test-taking skills and leads to “crashing”

SC2: In addition to the reduced energy levels they cause, foods that are high in calories, fat, sugar, and sodium are also linked to depressed mood levels. 1. Explanation of foods’ effects on serotonin and melatonin and how poor diet can lead to lifelong depression. 2. University of Pennsylvania study on the link between an unhealthy diet and low test scores.

SC3: Most important, the messages sent in the health and wellness classes so common in today’s schools are contradicted by the food offered to students, which can lead to long-term dietary patterns and health conditions, including obesity and Type 2 diabetes. 1. Statistics on a dramatic increase in diabetes, links between fast food and cancer, heart disease (CDC) 2. Recent studies project that in ten years, half of Americans will be obese. One half of those will be “morbidly obese.”

CA1: Many administrators who oppose proposals to improve school menus argue that fresh foods are more expensive and that schools are already financially stretched. Example: City of Los Angeles public schools already buying expired food for students in poor neighborhoods Refutation: It is true that a poor diet is less expensive than a healthful one in the short term;

however, the investment in quality food will result in healthier, more successful students and prevent avoidable long-term healthcare costs. Example: Virginia garden project: student gardens and local farmers in a rural, working-class area

Example: Moving away from the food pyramid cuts costs. Most medical experts now argue that a plant-based diet is healthier than one built around animal protein, which is also less expensive. CA2: Others who oppose such reform argue that the food offered in school cafeterias is consistent with what students eat when they are at home and when they are socializing.

Example: Increased popularity of fast food among families, advertising geared toward busy working parents Refutation: However, growing interest in health-conscious diets suggests that there is support among students, many of whom might carry their habits home to their families and friends.

Example: Growing awareness of the dangers of trans fats (Rasmussen) Example: More students bringing their own lunch, but some schools have students taking ownership of cafeteria food: culinary arts program in NYC CONCLUSION: New idea: look at legislation being introduced in four states to eliminate fast-food outlets from secondary schools.