A literature review is a major component of the final Evaluability Assessment report. This early assignment will represent a preliminary and critical literature review relevant to Environmental Protection Policies, Regulations and Public Awarenessin specific to Building Construction in Ontario on Resource Conservation and Reduce Environmental Impact from Carbon Dioxide Emission (Net Zero Buildings). Assess broadly the focus, implementation and enforcement tools of regulations and policies aimed at environmental protection in Canada, and specifically in Ontario. Critically analyze their impact on different segments of the economy and the society. IN SPECIFIC OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS: • How would you definE program/policy success? • Which existing or proposed variable would you be looking at in your evaluation? • What comparisons would you make? • Which methodologies would you utilize? • Remember to outline the advantages and disadvantages of the proposed evaluation methods and the treats to internal and external validity. • How would you minimize the uncertainties involved? RESPOND TO THE QUESTIONS ABOVE CAN BE/SUGGESTED TO BE: Who: Average homeowners (end user) and building design professionals (architects and engineers) in Ontario What: What is a green building? What is a Net Zero Building? Why: Quantification of cost and benefits of green buildings and their impact on the environment Identify behavioral wedge/levers: (A) Cost reduction in energy consumption bill is noticeable. (B) Environmental literacy, public awareness as people regularly underestimate the effect of global warming/climate change. The lack of literacy and understanding on the impact of global warming/climate change and making the link between energy conservation is difficult for people to be motivated into addressing the issues at and leading to behavior/design practice change. (C) Resale price noticeably higher than conventional/traditional homes What behavioral change toward: On resource conservation – can be use of energy saving light bulbs (for example). On carbon emission – can be use of new low-carbon energy technologies for heating and cooling of homes which can be single-detached or high-rise condominium buildings (for example). How and what are the relevant regulations/program/policy: Measures/assessment tools to achieve green buildings such as: – Zero Carbon Building Standard (Voluntary program) It is to be: max. APA ref style, 6 pages long (font 12) including at least 5-6 articles, (see the suggested lists I came through with in the attachments) or reports (see suggested list I came through with in the attachments) on the subject. (make it SIMPLE AND EASY TO UNDERSTAND, BE EXPLICIT) (use SUBHEADINGS AND BULLETS POINTS) (OUTCOME OF PAPER SHOULD LOOK LIKE – paper by Mareschel, see attachment) The literature review should cover both PROGRAM THEORYandEMPIRICAL RESEARCHon similar evaluations and their findings and methods. See links below Program Evaluation: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Program_evaluation Program Theory: https://www.canada.ca/en/treasury-board-secretariat/services/audit-evaluation/centre-excellence-evaluation/theory-based-approaches-evaluation-concepts-practices.html https://www.publichealthontario.ca/-/media/documents/focus-on-logic-model.pdf?la=en Empirical Research: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Empirical_research http://guides.libraries.psu.edu/emp Identify the mainquestion of analysis (Assessing the NEED, PROGRAM THEORY, IMPLEMENTATION, IMPACT AND EFFICIENCY), summarize the approach of each of the papers and their findings, andcritically assess the strengths and weaknesses(see theory-based approach from Treasury Board link) of each paper. Suggestions for FURTHER RESEARCHand three (3)POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS should be outlined as well. Explain why certain judgement was made. * Thispartial literature review with applicable revisions and extensions will become an element of the final EvaluabilityAssessment report. REFERENCES: Mertens, D. M and Wilson, A. T. (2019): Program Evaluation Theory and Practice: A Comprehensive Guide (2nd edition), The Guilford Press. ISBN 978-1-4625-3275-9 (paperback). Newcomer, K. E., Hatry, H. P. and Wholey, J. S.(editors) (2015): Handbook of Practical Program Evaluation (4th edition), Jossey-Bass. (ISBN: 978-1-118-89360-9) Brady, B. and O’Regan, C. (2009): Meeting the challenge of doing an RCT evaluation of youth mentoring in Ireland: A journey in mixed methods. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 3, 265-280. Duwe, G. and Kerschner, D. (2008): Removing a nail from the boot camp coffin: An outcome evaluation of Minnesota’s Challenge Incarceration program. Crime Delinquency, 54, 614-643. Marra, M. (2000): How much does evaluation matter?: Some examples of the utilization of the evaluation of the World Bank’s anti-corruption activities. Evaluation, 6, 22-36. Mareschal, P.M., McKee, W.L., Jackson, S.E., and Hanson, K.L. (2007): Technologybased approaches to preventing youth violence: Formative evaluation of program development and implementation in four communities. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 5, 168-187. Horn, K., McCracken, L., Dino, G. and Brayboy, M. (2008): Applying community-based participatory research principles to the development of a smoking-cessation program for American Indian teens: “Telling our story.” Health Education and Behavior, 35 (1), 44- 69. Buskens, I. and Earl, S. (2008): Research for change: Outcome mapping’s contribution to emancipatory action research in Africa. Action Research, 6, 171-192. Sedgsworth, Bob (2001): “Evaluation Policy and Practice in Ontario,” Canadian Journal of Program Evaluation, Special Issue, pp. 1-2 and 59-72.
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