Topic:Psychologists’ roles in U.S. Military interrogations.
Please careful to read below. Please read the material assigned for the Unit IV and post your impressions, informed by the reading and discussion questions. You will know Discussion question is middle of sentences, so careful to read Discussion questions and following them. Identify code of ethics, any ethical codes, and quotations. Citation and quotation need year of publishing, Auther’s name, and Page number. Please follow APA style.
I am interested in your views and public policy considerations of psychologists’ roles in U.S. Military interrogations.
1. Please read the material assigned for the Unit IV and post your impressions, informed by the reading and discussion questions. Include the U.S. Supreme Court case, Hamdi v. Rumsfeld in your reading. It’s an interesting case.
2. Identify one other resource to help inform your response. Be sure to add the resources as an attachment to your post. The resource can be from peer reviewed journals, Internet, YouTube (post the weblink versus clip) or popular media. Have fun.
3. Feel free to engage each other in a dialogue as you review your peers’ posts. Enjoy.
The American Psychological Association represents its membership and the public interest. Public policy generated by the Executive, Legislative and/or Judicial branches of U.S. Government can at times result in ethical dilemmas and conflicts for practitioners of psychology. The Ethics Directorate in conjunction with the Board of Directors of the American Psychological Association attempt to identify such dilemmas and conflicts. Through a process of self- study and reflection the association with Task Force initiatives authorized by the Board of Directors, attempts to provide guidelines for the association membership confronting identified ethical conflicts. This has been the case with potential conflicts surrounding the role of psychologistsâ€™ involvement in U.S. National Security enterprise and protections.
The APA Presidential Task Force on Psychological Ethics and National Security (PENS) met in response to the Board of Directorsâ€™ February 2005 charge, that the Task Force:
â€œExamine whether our current Ethics Code adequately addresses [the ethical dimensions of psychologistsâ€™ involvement in national security related activities], whether the APA provides adequate ethical guidance to psychologists involved in these endeavors, and whether APA should develop policy to address the role of psychologists and psychology in investigations related to national security.â€ The Task Force was able to set forth twelve statements about the ethical obligations of psychology in national security, more specifically, torture and interrogation. (APA, Report of the American Psychological Association Presidential Task Force on Psychological Ethics and National Security, June 2005).
Public Policy, Clinical Practice and Research for Psychologists.
1. Who is the chairman of the APA Ethics Committee and under what circumstances should a professional consultation is sought?
2. Commenting on the strengths and limitations of the Report of the American Psychological Association Presidential Task Force on Psychological Ethics and National Security, should psychologists participate in prisoner interrogation of U.S. military detainees support your answer? Does the report give contradictory information?
A. What are the recent changes to APA public policy on the participation of psychologists in interrogation of U.S. military detainees?
3. Within the boundaries of the APA Ethical Principles and Code of Conduct, is it possible for psychologists to be involved with the interrogation of military detainees?
4. Do professional ethics require psychologists to act solely for the benefit of the patient?
5. Do U.S. Policies and Interrogation Practices result in harm or benefit to the detainee?
6. What is the appropriate ethical professional response of the military psychologists or psychologist consultants, if, U.S. Policies and Interrogation Practices are in violation of International law e.g. Geneva Convention or Human Rights?
7. How would the military/secret service culture of interrogation affect the ability of the consulting psychologist to locate and adhere to ethical principles, practice standards, and boundaries?
8. Are there any biases in the APA Task Force Report on the Role of Psychologists in Interrogation of Military Detainees?
9. If there is conflict between international law and U.S. law that has an impact on the ethical standards for the practice of psychology, what course should be followed?