Research Methods in Psychology (Topic – Schizophrenia)

Method Section Outline At this point, you’ve gathered relevant references, read them, written an introduction, and developed a hypothesis. Isn’t this fun!?!?

Now, we get to the “method section” of the paper. This section will tell people the necessary details about how you collected your data. Most likely, you’re going to have to “fake” this section if you are simulating data. In other words, if you have simulated data, write this section as if you actually collected real data, though it is important to specify whether the data were simulated.

In a method section, there are three important sections:

1. Participants.

This section details who participated in your study, how they were selected (i.e., sampling strategy), and demographic characteristics of your participants. See the example template below.

2. Materials.

This section describes the measures, instruments, equipment, stimuli, etc. used. For example, if your study measures depression using self-report, you would specify what measure of depression you used (e.g., Beck’s Depression Inventory) and its characteristics (e.g., how many items, how it is scored, reliability information). Or you may measure blood pressure. Once again, you specify what instrument was used (e.g., electronic blood pressure machine). If you make up your own measure, this is where you give the details about how you constructed it. (However, don’t list all the items here. Instead, put it in an appendix).

3. Design and Procedures.

There are two important parts to this. The design part specifies what sort of study this was. Was it a between experiment? Within? Cross-sectional? Interrupted time series? The second part (procedures) simply provides an overview of how data were collected.

4. Statistical Analysis. This section tells me (and your lovely audience) what sort of statistical analysis you will perform. If you’ve watched my stats videos (you really should have by now), you’ll know that there’s no need to make a distinction between ANOVA, t-test, regression, etc. BUT, you have to be able to communicate with those people, so it’s important for you to be able to make that distinction. In this section, you must specify what sort of analysis you plan on doing. See the example below.

Remember this pneumonic: “If you have groups of three, ANOVA it should be. If you have groups of two, a t-test will do. But if your IV is numeric, and your DV as well, then regression will excel! But what if, you ask, I measure people twice? In that case, a related t will suffice. And if, by chance, you even dare, have all your variables categorical, then do a chi square.”

To get full credit, make sure to keep the following in mind:  Follow the template  Have the method section bulleted/outlined  Specify somewhere whether the data were simulated or collected some other way Have sections for each subsection (participants, materials, design and procedures)As (almost) always, a template follows. Good luck, young magi.
Method Participants  Data were simulated using the online data simulator (Fife, 2020)o designed to mimic the following sampling process  Data were sampled using cluster sampling o We randomly sampled ten colleges using the UniRank’s list of accredited colleges (https://www.4icu.org/us/a-z/)

o For each college, we randomly sampled 100 professors from the university’s faculty director yo Of the 400 invited to participate, 283 participated  Final sample consisted of

o 96 female professors

o 187 male professors o 63% Caucasian o 22% Asian o 8% African Americano 7% Other

Materials

We used self-reported questionnaire that answered the following questions: o Demographics questionnaire  Age  Gender  Ethnicity o Salary o Experiences with gender bias 10 item questionnaire about personal experiences with gender bias

Contains items such as, “I feel my gender has adversely impacted my opportunities. ”Yes, I know it’s awkward to say the data are simulated, then write as if they were not. But I need to know whether the data are simulated or not.
Design and Procedure
Design and Procedure  We used a self-report, cross-sectional design  We sent emails to 400 faculty members inviting them to participate via Qualtrics survey Participants promised a $20 gift certificate for participationWe sent reminder emails every two weeks for a period of six weeks (3 emails total)

In Qualtrics, participants signed informed consent form, then answered the demographics/gender bias questions Statistical Analysis We will use a correlation and regression

VERY IMPORTANT:
Method Section Assignment Template The following template will help you structure your assignment so you know what I’m am looking for. Please don’t use this specific example, but come up with your own.
Topic: Schizophrenia
Independent Variable: Societal Stigma
Dependent Variable: Family Network

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