Turkey and European Union Accession Negotiations Process

PROPOSED DISSERTATION TITLE: Turkey and European Union accession negotiations process: Possible problems can be faced with Turkey under Economic and Monetary Policy Chapter
SUBJECT AREA AND RELEVANCE TO DIPLOMATIC STUDIES:
The membership of Turkey to European Union itself already has been hot diplomatic issue for long time by several states.
The issue, more importantly became primary foreign policy agenda for Turkey and the Union and also diplomacy between them two. Starting of full accession negotiations in October 2005, has started new last era in the Turkey’s path to European Union. Which aims to cooperate and collaborate in all sphere of life with its new Supranational government. Economic and Monetary Policy, is one of the greatest step on integration, especially with a greater economic power than most of the member states, issues might get more challenging.
However, when we look at current status according to European Union annual progress report on Turkey, says “generally aligned by the acquis” but due to problems occurred at first sight blocking the negotiation of Economic and Monetary policy. In this sense, basic problem seems like block of new president of France at that time, as France had frozen the chapter. When we look at contemporary Euro crisis the issue gains higher importance due to economical situation in Greece.
To explain briefly, it had been harder to deal with economic crisis when you do not have your own Central Bank and ruled by European Central Bank. Another relevance on this aspect with diplomacy is some measurements directed to the Greece for fixing the economic crisis and prevent it to spread all Europe, which is highly possible and visible in other countries economies as well due to high economic interaction within the union.
THE RESEARCH PROBLEM(S) AND/OR QUESTION(S):
é What are the problems faced on negotiation process and how they are dealt?
é What are the reasons of the problems and how did it evaluate by time?
é Why European Union is important for Turkey?
é How both European Union and Turkey depend on each other?
é What is current situation on negotiations as a whole?
é Why some of chapters has been frozen or stopped without being discussed?
é What extend Economic and Monetary policy integration is possible?
é Which problems have been faced and which problems can be faced in the future in terms of Economic and Monetary policy chapters/
é What measurement Turkey took for integration of its own structure, which laws have been passed?
é Understanding of Greek economic crisis under the terms of European Economic and Monetary policy?
é What measurements have been suggested to Greece by European Central Bank and what extend they are applied or become useful.
é What are scenarios for the Union with the Greece and how they tend to occur.
é Effects that Euro crisis left to the Union, in terms of its structure.
é Greek case as an examination of Supranational structure of the Union.
RESEARCH AIMS:
Research aims to reveal what proceeding has Turkey taken after negotiations started and especially in Economic and monetary policy. Furthermore, to see which difficulties can Turkey face under this chapter, mainly because of traditional Turkish structure and European regulations.
And to provide an answer, which steps required to be taken primarily for smooth Economic and Monetary Policy integration. And also at the same time referring to the ideological debates arising as a result of Supra-nationalism of Europe in terms of Union, what extend giving up from right of rule can be resistible and how difficult is decision making process in terms of creating a common policy for good of every objective. LITERATURE REVIEW: After Turkey applied for full membership to the European Community in 1959, relations between Turkey and European Union has been fluctuated a lot until today. However, given candidate status in Helsinki Summit 1999 and beginning to negotiation chapters for full accession in 2005 take the issue to new dimension.
Most significant agenda in case of Turkey’s membership to the European Union would be integration of Economic and Monetary Policy. Common Economic and Monetary Policy involves the coordination of economic and fiscal policies, a common monetary policy, and a common currency, the euro.
In other words, it refers to member states transferring their right to take monetary actions to the single supranational body, European Central Bank, by showing consent. With the Common Economic and Monetary policy and the giving right of taking monetary decisions to European Central Bank, member countries still take their own taxation and other financial policies to their own finance ministries. In this case, the possibility of any fluctuation in any member state would affect others and whole system, therefore coordination between member states is also important for the common will.
For the new members it is obligatory to participate in Common Economic and Monetary Policy, however it is not specified when to be member of this system. Therefore, new member countries shall become member of policy when they feel completely compatible with the system. The question arises at this point about Turkey, when to become member of the complete monetary policy, shall Turkey take more time or directly become a member of Euro zone as soon as possible? The research tries to find an answer with previous cases of other member states experiences and analyze Turkey’s special structures which can let different challenging outcomes as a result of subject matter. Turkey has unique different structure on many spheres than the other member states.
Its economy, production, sociological structure and so on. Therefore integration of the Economic and Monetary Policy also likely to be more challenging and different from other countries. And after the Economic and Monetary Policy came to agenda, the questions of ; “which efforts Turkey has shown, what has been European response and what new policies and efforts should be shown on next stages?” gain vital importance in subject matter. There is already a guideline that European Union submitted to Turkey in the process of integration on different subject matters and Turkey established European Union Ministry under Prime Ministry.
However the sources I could reach is prepared for specific purposes under government request to satisfy short term matter of that specific time. And lacking of examining the current European economic crisis in terms of the Economic and Monetary Policy. As most economists agree, Greece could be get out of economic crisis if they were exercise their own Central Bank and as a result of these European powers would effected less from the crisis.
In addition Turkey’s membership at this stage have never analyzed in detail. Can Turkey be a panacea for Euro zone crisis as a rising regional political and economic power or the impetus Turkey gained in past few years can badly influence by full manners of cooperation especially in the Economic and Monetary Policy? To answer this significant question for both Turkey and European Union, Turkey’s inside dynamics and its ideological structure also needs to be considered. Almost 10 year ruling AK Parties policies including foreign and domestic might help to see next steps due to tendency of stability in those policies.
RESEARCH METHOD(S) USED:
The general topic of Turkey and European Union has already taken attraction of most scholars inside the International Relations, Politics or Global Economics however it is important to use relevant data in the research. In this case, in the research there will be both quantitative and qualitative data will be used. Namely reports and statistical information from, European Commission archive, Turkish EU Ministry, Turkish State Planning Organization and relevant organizations available documents about the topic.
On the other hand, the interviews made about the issue by authorized people such as EU Commissioner, Turkish Chief Negotiator and even words of ministers of European Union and Turkey. Data collection is the most critical part of every conductive research, which need to be shown extra attention for objectivity of work and functionality. Therefore, even though it requires much sensivity and time, for the sake of academic works reputation, i will be trying to use and read as much as articles related to issue and gather relevant information from each of them. If there will be no obstruction by time or circumstances, also an interview is planned with Authorized personnel of European Union Ministry relevant director of the subject matter, asking brief information about process and expectancies inside the issue from the first persons sight. CHAPTERS:
I. Introduction
II. Cornerstones in therelations between Turkey and European Union (history ofrelations)
III. European Union and Economic and Monetary Policy a. European Enlargement b. … c. .. d. Greek Economic Crisis and European Union
IV. Turkey – EU Full Accession Negotiations (process gained until now and what is expected) a. .. b. How did other candidate countries experienced this chapter c. Turkeys Integration to EU Economic and monetary policy under full accession negotiations(this can be as subchapter here or a new chapter.) d. …
V. Conclusion *Chapters are flexible so you can add some more.. basically these were what i wanted to mention on dissertation.
INDICATIVE BIBLIOGRAPHY:
é Chabot C. “Understanding the Euro: The Clear and Concise Guide to the new Trans-European Economy” New York: Mac Graw-Hill Company, 1999.
é Bulgurlu H.B, “The Jacques Delors Plan Path to European Monetary Union” State Planning Organization, Ankara, 1991.
é HM Treasury, “UK Membership of the Single Currency – An Assessment Of The Five Economic Tests” London, 1997. é Molle W. “The Economics of European Integration: Theory, Practice, Policy” Ashgate Publishing, 2006.
é Nelson R, Belkin P, Derek M. “Greece’s Debt Crisis: Overview, Policy Responses, and Implications” Congressional Research Service, 2010.
é Russo M. “The Challenge of Economic and Monetary Union: Lessons from Italy’s Experience” National Bank of Poland, Warsaw, 2006.
é Memisoglu O. Esen A. “The sad story of Frozen Chapter of Economic and Political Union Negotiations.” TEPAV, Foreign Policy Etudes, Ankara, 2007.
é European Commission “Report on Greek Government Deficit and Debt Statistics” Brussels, 2010 é European Commission, “Successes and challenges after 10 years of Economic and Monetary Union” , Brussels, 2008.
é European Commission, Proceeding Reports of Turkey’s Accession 2005-2011. Brussels. é T.R. European Union Ministry, “Current Situation of the EU full Accession Negotiations” Ankara, 2010
é T.R. European Union Ministry, “Current Situation on Chapter 17; Economic and Monetary Policies” Ankara, 2011.
é T.R. State Planning Organization, “Turkey – European Union Relations” Specialized Commission Report, Ankara, 2000.
é T.R. State Planning Organization, “Before Membership Economic Programme 2008” Ankara, 2008.
é Leal-Arcas R. “Theories of Supranationalism in the EU” Harvard Law School, 2006
Some links ï
http://www.abgs.gov.tr/index.php?p=65&l=2 ï ¶http://www.abmaliye.gov.tr/en/node/14 ï
http://www.thenational.ae/news/world/europe/turkeys-growing-regional-power-boosts-eu-membership-hopes ï
http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/pdf/key_documents/2011/package/strategy_paper_2011_en.pdf ï
http://www.tepav.org.tr/upload/files/1271250439r9400.Ekonomik_ve_Parasal_Birlik_Muzakerelerinin_Acilamayisinin_Hazin_Oykusu.pdf ï
http://www.dpt.gov.tr/DocObjects/View/12202/tez-teraslan.pdf ï
http://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/2696/1/Charalambides_-_Evaluation_of_the_Turkish_accession_to__the_EU..pdf ï
http://projekter.aau.dk/projekter/files/33697829/Klara%20Safarova%20-%20Turkey%20as%20an%20EU%20candidate%20country.pdf ï
http://www.abgs.gov.tr/files/EMPB/fasil_17_epp_sunum__ekim_2011.pdf ï ¶http://law.bepress.com/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=8481&context=expresso ï
http://www.europeanunionplatform.org/ ï
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/turkey-will-freeze-eu-ties-over-cyprus-presidency-2356869.html ï
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/turkey/8772708/Turkey-threatens-to-freeze-EU-relations-over-Cyprus-presidency.html ï
http://www.scribd.com/doc/16060637/Turkey-Economic-Reform-and-Accession-to-the-European-Union ï
http://www.scribd.com/doc/80750262/Turkey-and-the-European-Union-The-Question-of-European-Identity ï
http://www.scribd.com/doc/80751717/Historical-Dictionary-of-Turkey 


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